With the first official event, a lecture, the future BikiniARTmuseum has "arrived in operating mode".
Bad Rappenau. It's going well and with obvious joy and much enthusiasm the makers are approaching their goal, the opening of the world's first museum for swimwear and art, the "BikiniARTmuseum". Now one is one step further and as host Alexander Ruscheinsky said "with the first official event, arrived in the operating mode". The opening will take place in 154 days and there is still a lot to do. "But with this wonderful passionate team, we can do it," Ruscheinsky said. Lord Mayor Sebastian Frei is also looking forward to the future museum as another great mosaic stone in the city's culture.
The lecture of Dr. Viola Hofmann, lecturer for cultural anthropology of textiles, with the topic "Small costume - big conflicts" was the prelude in the series of many future events. And, of course, the focus here was on swimwear and in particular bikinis. The lecturer showed an outline of the history of swimwear and presented the corresponding pictures.
Already in antiquity there was a two-piece - similar to a bikini - for women doing sports. But for a long time nothing followed. It was not until the 19th century that bathing in public baths became modern, but the customs and moral views prevailing at the time made it very difficult in the truest sense of the word. At that time it was time for veiling, and women had to wear swimwear that covered a lot. In the 1890s, these clothes were still made of wool, and when they were soaked with water, they weighed about 30 kilos. In addition the Badenixe of that time had to wear a corset, which made the stay in the water even more difficult. "When a wave came, the women fell over and could no longer stand up on their own," Hofmann said. "It was a life-threatening affair."
Gradually the swimwear became more functional. Even in the 1920s, it was considered immoral to show yourself publicly without a corset and in tight swimwear. The women who dared, however, were arrested.
Over time, new textile blends of less absorbent fibres with elastic threads were developed for swimwear. The one-piece swimsuit remained the standard for a long time, especially during the Third Reich. In 1932 the so-called gusset decree was imposed, which did not permit the wearing of a two-piece. Nevertheless, there are recordings in which Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler's girlfriend, presents herself in a two-part.
It was not until the late 1940s that the bikini became a theme again. Although it actually existed long before, it was worn only by the followers of nudism. The French fashion designers Louis Réard and Jacques Heim presented him in 1946 as their creation. called home
his fashion creation "Atom". Réard patented his triangle bikini and called it "Bikini". The name derives from the bikini atoll, where the Americans undertook the first atomic bomb tests in the same year and deeply impressed Réard. Nevertheless, the bikini was still considered provocative and erotic for a long time. The Vatican called him "a sinful garment." Even the hottest fashion magazines refused the bikini. It wasn't popular until the
1950s by movies and their famous porters like Marilyn Mon- roe and Brigitte Bardot.
Nevertheless, the bathing suit was preferred by the women all-commonly. The bikini only made its breakthrough in 1962 with the James Bond film "007 jagt Dr. No", when the whole world was enchanted by the sight of the actress Ursula Andress as she climbed out of the water in her yellow bikini. The self-confident woman was born in a bikini.
It quickly became clear why such a cheerful atmosphere prevailed at the presentation of the future director of the "BikiniARTmuseum": "The fact that the museum director was chosen Reinhold Weinmann caused a lot of excitement among many people," stated Lord Mayor Sebastian Frei. Weinmann is no stranger in the spa town. In the past, he has already implemented many exhibition projects with the city's cultural office, especially in the moated castle, and has been
with Bad Rappenau for years. "This work has made me almost addicted, and I particularly like to remember the time," said Weinmann.
He is an art historian, geographer and manager for cultural and non-profit organizations and has a number of plans in his new field of activity. "Our aim is to offer all visitors informative, entertaining and varied hours on the development of swimwear culture and the related evolution of women's self-determination," explained the new director. He wants to surprise the visitors with a museum of a new kind and to visit the museum in an unconventional way. He is looking forward to further progress and is already thinking about the design of the exhibition. For this purpose, the museum already has more than 1,000 exhibits - all of which should be unique - from different decades and many countries at its disposal.
Published in the Rhein-Neckar-Zeitung on 06.08.2019 by Karoline Beck.